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考前如何準備華語文能力測驗? Test Preparation
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  考前如何準備華語文能力測驗? Test Preparation

首頁 常見問題 考前如何準備華語文能力測驗? Test Preparation

 
  • 1.如何準備華語文聽力測驗、閱讀測驗?

    一、事先熟悉測驗的各項資訊
      在考試之前,你可以先熟悉本測驗的相關事宜,包括測驗目的與對象、測驗的步驟、測驗的形式內容、試場規則及注意事項等。若是你能事先充分了解整個測驗的流程,考試當天應答比較不容易慌張。

    二、訂定學習目標
      平時不斷地練習,一定能增進你的語言能力,所以針對自己的語言能力程度,訂定學習目標將能提高通過本測驗的機會。你可以多看看和日常生活有關的電視節目和電影,適應日常生活說話的速度與環境,並練習聽新聞、廣播節目。此外,有些華語教材書籍附有CD、錄音帶,你也可以試著在不看課本的情況下,一邊聽CD、錄音帶,一邊做筆記,記下一些關鍵詞彙,這樣做能幫助你快速聽懂整段話的要點。以下僅列舉在台灣主要使用的華語教材做為你的學習參考。如:實用視聽華語、遠東生活華語、中國民間故事、國語日報、廣播劇、新聞選讀、思想與社會、高級華文讀本等。
      平時應擴充自己的詞彙量,碰到新的詞彙時,不只要記住它的意思,還要將它放在句子中,了解它的用法。另外,也可以順便記一些跟它意思相近或相反的詞彙。對多數中文學習者而言,閱讀中文最大的困難在於識字。平常除了多擴充詞彙量以外,如果遇到不認識的生詞,不要馬上查字典,試著從偏旁、字形以及上下文猜測生詞的意思,然後再查辭典確認。這樣,一來可以訓練從字形和上下文揣摩詞義的能力,二來對詞彙的記憶會更加深刻。
      進階高階級以上文本的取材來源相當廣泛,建議多閱讀書報雜誌、留意生活中接觸到的各種材料(如廣告、公告、說明書等等),就能快速地熟悉中文的語法及篇章結構,並加強自己閱讀的速度、抓到文本的重點。
      打算考取高階級以上證書的考生,在平時閱讀時就要加強對四字格、俗語、慣用語等等的理解。在學習這類詞的用法時,光了解字面的意思是不夠的,還得了解使用它們的時機、方法,以及隱含的意思。

    三、模擬試題練習
    你可以在平時或考試前練習,在有時間限制的環境下模擬考試,以熟悉作答的速度;透過模擬試題的練習也可以熟悉題型和作答方式,正式考試的時候就會更加得心應手。


    1. Get familiar with all the information about the test in advance
    Before taking the test, you should familiarize yourself with the related issues about TOCFL, including the test objectives/targets, test procedures, test format/content and rules of testing centers etc. The more you are familiar with the test, the less nervous you will be on the test day.

    2.Set your learning goals
    Practice makes perfect. If you practice continuously every day, your language ability will improve. In other words, if you set your learning goals according to your language ability, you will of course increase the possibility of passing the test and receive a certificate. You can get familiar with the speed Chinese is spoken in daily-use context by watching TV and movies and by listening to radio programs. Some Chinese teaching materials come with CDs, with which you can practice listening and note-taking without referring to the printed texts. This is helpful for you to catch the main ideas in the talk. You may use the following books as your references in your further study: Practical Audio-Visual Chinese; Far East Everyday Chinese; Chinese Folk Tales; Mandarin Daily News; Radio Plays; Taiwan TV News Programs; Chinese Customs and Traditions; Advanced Chinese Reader.

    You should try to expand your vocabulary in your study for the test. When you encounter an unfamiliar word, you should not only memorize its meaning, but also learn its usage from example sentences. In addition, you can also memorize some synonyms and antonyms of the word.

    For most learners of Chinese, the most difficult aspect of reading in Chinese is recognition of characters. You must enlarge the amount of your vocabularies when preparing for the test. However, if you encounter an unfamiliar character, do not look it up in a dictionary immediately. You should try to guess its meaning first from the radical on the side of the character, the shape of the character, and the context, and finally consult a dictionary. This skill not only trains your ability to infer the meaning from the context and the shape of the words, but also reinforces your memory of them.

    Texts used in Band B and above are from a wide range of sources. You are suggested to read newspapers and magazines extensively and also read authentic language materials such as advertisements, announcement, product manuals, etc.

    If you plan to take TOCFL on Level 4 or above, a profound knowledge of proverbs and idioms is important, and should be developed by extensive reading. The use of these words and phrases is not based on the literal or surface meaning. You need to understand the implied meaning and the proper occasions to use them.


    3.Practice the mock test
    Before the test, you can practice mock tests with the time restriction, so as to get used to the appropriate answering speed. By practicing the mock tests, you can know well the test format and the answering methods, which will lead to better scores.
  • 2.如何準備華語文口語測驗?

    1.常常跟老師、同學、朋友、同事練習說中文,用中文描述自己喜歡或不喜歡的事情,或是用中文表達自己的看法。
    2.考試前先熟悉測驗形式、題型,這些資訊可以在華語文口語測驗的網站上找到。

    1.Practice speaking Chinese to your teachers, classmates, friends or colleagues, and describe in Chinese your likes and dislikes; state your opinions in Chinese.
    2.Familiarize yourself with the test format and content; such information is available on the official TOCFL website.



  • 3.如何準備華語文寫作測驗?

    1.注意中文的寫作方式,平常多練習寫便條、電子郵件,或是寫一篇文章敘述一個故事、描寫自己的經驗和感覺,看完一篇文章或是一則新聞以後,也可以試著寫出自己的想法,以提高寫作能力。
    2.多利用本會的「寫作練習平台」,以熟悉測驗的方式和題型,並可由評閱老師的建議中,瞭解自己在寫作的時候需要注意的問題。
    3.參閱網站上的「寫作注意事項」,以節省考試時閱讀注意事項的時間。
    4.練習中文輸入方式(注音符號ㄅㄆㄇㄈ或是漢語拼音),將有利於在有限的考試時間內完成寫作。


    1.Familiarize yourself with Chinese writing styles by practice writing reminders, email, or essays to tell a story, describe personal experiences and feelings. You may also try to express your thoughts regarding an article or news story in the form of written words, so as to improve your writing.
    2.Use Online Writing Practice Platform provided by the Committee to familiarize with exam process and questions. The Practice allows test takers to have their writing reviewed by raters so as to identify and be mindful of their problems.
    3.Familiarize yourself with “Notes” posted on the official website so you may spare the reading and allow yourself more time to complete the task on the actual exam.
    4.Practice frequently Chinese input modes (Phoneticㄅㄆㄇㄈ input or Pinyin) to allow yourself to finish the tasks in time.

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